Advantages and Disadvantages of a Corporation

what are corporation advantages

When a corporation earns profits, then the money can sometimes be taxed twice in the United States. This disadvantage occurs because the business gets a tax bill for whatever it earns while individual shareholders who receive paid dividends get hit with their own bill from the government to manage. It is an outcome that happens most often with the biggest companies, so some shareholders or company owners might not see it develop. A corporation may be formed by an individual or group with a shared goal and can be a for-profit or not-for-profit entity. Corporations possess many of the same legal rights and responsibilities as individuals.

Small business owners have a variety of options when establishing a legal structure. Although there are several reasons why incorporating can be advantageous to your business, there are a few disadvantages corporation advantages and disadvantages to be aware of as well. Sole proprietorship is the simplest structure for a one-owner business, giving the owner few regulatory burdens and a high degree of control and flexibility.

Cons of Forming a Corporation

You will want to check with your particular secretary of state to find out the actual fee. Attorney fees can range between $500 and $5,000 for the entire process. B corps are for-profit companies that have received certification from B Lab, a nonprofit organization that certifies businesses that meet certain social and environmental standards. According to B Lab, there are 6,856 certified B corporations in 161 industries and 90 countries worldwide as of late May 2023. Theoretically, corporations also have unlimited growth potential. This is mainly because corporations are not dependent on a single owner or a few owners for capital requirements.

LLCs have a great deal of flexibility, making them a popular choice for small business owners. To maintain this liability protection, both corporations and LLCs should always keep business and personal finances separate. Owners should sign documents and contracts on behalf of the company, not in their own personal capacity. For corporations, additional documentation needs to be maintained as well. This includes corporate minutes, details on annual shareholder meetings, and information on its board of directors. Both these business types will require you to file business formation documents with the state.


Other business structures, including sole proprietorships and partnerships, may be able to give something similar, but not always with the same levels of expertise, reputation, or history. If a business operates as a partnership, sole proprietorship, or LLC, then it might need to dissolve if one of the initial members leaves or passes away. The corporate structure is indefinite by comparison because of its status as an independent entity.

Corporations do not receive all of the same rights as individuals. A corporation might receive plenty of individual rights, but it doesn’t receive the same treatment in the law as a person does in several respects. The most important difference in the United States is the lack of protection under the Fifth Amendment. A corporation must present all facts during any legal proceeding, even if the evidence implicates its own behavior. A corporation can lose its way when there isn’t consistent leadership at the top.

Next steps for corporation business formation

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  • Naturally, Tom and Tim elect themselves as the directors of the corporation and appoint Tom to serve as the company’s president and Tim to serve as its secretary and treasurer.
  • Alongside the lengthy application process is the amount of time and energy necessary to properly maintain a corporation and adhere to legal requirements.
  • That being said, starting one correctly and running it properly afterward takes some degree of skill, business familiarity, and dedicated time.
  • Sometimes, they include the chief information officer, chief human resources officer or chief people officer, chief marketing officer, and similar roles.
  • This disadvantage may require individual officers or board members to move to meet this requirement.
  • Ownership for this type of corporation is divided based on stocks, which can be easily bought or sold.
  • More audits occur underneath the corporate structure, especially with S-corp companies, than any other with the current tax law.